Moderna Has Successful COVID-19 Vaccine Results and News
- Moderna’s Phase 3 study met statistical criteria with a vaccine efficacy of 94.5%.
- Moderna intends to submit for an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) with U.S. FDA in the coming weeks and expects the EUA to be based on the final analysis of 151 cases and a median follow-up of more than 2 months.
Moderna (MRNA) announced that the independent, NIH-appointed Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) for the Phase 3 study of mRNA-1273 – its vaccine candidate against COVID-19, has informed the Company that the trial has met the statistical criteria pre-specified in the study protocol for efficacy, with a vaccine efficacy of 94.5%.
The COVE Study
The COVE study enrolled more than 30,000 participants in the U.S. and is being conducted in collaboration with the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA), part of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
The primary endpoint of the Phase 3 COVE study is based on the analysis of COVID-19 cases confirmed and adjudicated starting two weeks following the second dose of vaccine. This first interim analysis was based on 95 cases, of which 90 cases of COVID-19 were observed in the placebo group versus 5 cases observed in the mRNA-1273 vaccine group, resulting in a point estimate of vaccine efficacy of 94.5%.
A secondary endpoint analyzed severe cases of COVID-19 and included 11 severe cases, as defined in the study protocol in this first interim analysis.
All 11 cases occurred in the placebo group and none in the mRNA-1273 vaccinated group.
The 95 COVID-19 cases included 15 older adults (ages 65+) and 20 participants identified as being from diverse communities including: 12 Hispanic or LatinX, 4 Black or African Americans, 3 Asian Americans and 1 multiracial.
The interim analysis included a concurrent review of the available Phase 3 COVE study safety data by the DSMB, which did not report any significant safety concerns. A review of solicited adverse events indicated that the vaccine was generally well tolerated.
The majority of adverse events were mild or moderate in severity. Grade 3 (severe) events greater than or equal to 2% in frequency after the first dose included injection site pain (2.7%), and after the second dose included fatigue (9.7%), myalgia (8.9%), arthralgia (5.2%), headache (4.5%), pain (4.1%) and erythema/redness at the injection site (2.0%). These solicited adverse events were generally short-lived. These data are subject to change based on ongoing analysis of further Phase 3 COVE study data and final analysis.
Preliminary analysis suggests a broadly consistent safety and efficacy profile across all evaluated subgroups. As more cases accrue, leading up to the final analysis, the Company expects the point estimate for vaccine efficacy may change.
Moderna plans to submit data from the full Phase 3 COVE study to a peer-reviewed publication.
From the CEO of Moderna
Stéphane Bancel, Chief Executive Officer of Moderna, said, “This is a pivotal moment in the development of our COVID-19 vaccine candidate. Since early January, we have chased this virus with the intent to protect as many people around the world as possible. All along, we have known that each day matters. This positive interim analysis from our Phase 3 study has given us the first clinical validation that our vaccine can prevent COVID-19 disease, including severe disease. This milestone is only possible because of the hard work and sacrifices of so many. I want to thank the thousands of participants in our Phase 1, Phase 2 and Phase 3 studies, and the staff at our clinical trial sites who have been on the front lines of the fight against the virus. They are an inspiration to us all. I want to thank the NIH, particularly NIAID, for their scientific leadership including through years of foundational research on potential pandemic threats at the Vaccine Research Center that led to the discovery of the best way to make Spike protein antigens that are being used in our vaccine and others’. I want to thank our partners at BARDA and Operation Warp Speed who have been instrumental to accelerating our progress to this point. Finally, I want to thank the Moderna team, our suppliers, and our partners, for their tireless work across research, development, and manufacturing of the vaccine. We look forward to the next milestones of submitting for a EUA in the U.S., and regulatory filings in countries around the world, while we continue to collect data on the safety and efficacy of the vaccine in the COVE study. We remain committed to and focused on doing our part to help end the COVID-19 pandemic.”
Based on the safety and efficacy data, Moderna intends to submit for an EUA with the U.S. FDA in the coming weeks and anticipates having the EUA informed by the final safety and efficacy data (with a median duration of at least 2 months).
Moderna also plans to submit applications for authorizations to global regulatory agencies.
Moderna is working with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Operation Warp Speed and with McKesson Corporation (MCK), a COVID-19 vaccine distributor contracted by the U.S. government, as well as global stakeholders to be prepared for the distribution of mRNA-1273, in the event that it receives EUA and similar global authorizations.
By the end of 2020 Moderna expects to have approximately 20 million doses of mRNA-1273 ready to ship in the U.S.
The Company remains on track to manufacture 500 million to 1 billion doses globally in 2021.
Moderna has recently progressed towards ensuring the distribution, storage and handling of the vaccine can be done using existing infrastructure.
To learn more about Moderna’s work on mRNA-1273 please visit: www.modernatx.com/COVID19.
The Phase 3 COVE study was designed in collaboration with the FDA and NIH to evaluate Americans at risk of severe COVID-19 disease and completed enrollment of 30,000 participants ages 18 and older in the U.S. on October 22, 2020 including those at high risk of the severe complications from COVID-19 disease.
The COVE study includes more than 7,000 Americans over the age of 65.
There are 5,000 Americans in the study who are under the age of 65 but have high-risk chronic diseases that put them at increased risk of severe COVID-19 such as: diabetes, severe obesity and cardiac disease.
These medically high-risk groups represent 42% of the total participants in the Phase 3 COVE study. The study also included communities that have historically been under-represented in clinical research and have been disproportionately impacted by COVID-19. More than 11,000 participants included in the study are from communities of color representing 37% of the study population, which is similar to the diversity in the U.S. at large, including more than 6,000 participants who identify as Hispanic or LatinX and more than 3,000 participants who identify as Black or African American.
This is great news with regard to defeating COVID-19 and in offering proof of concept of Moderna’s mRNA products which we believe represent the Company’s future wealth.
The other good news from Moderna today was the Company’s announcement that its vaccine can be stable at refrigerator temperatures of 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F) for up to a month, which is up from 7 days, at room temperature for up to 12 hours and at freezer temperatures of -20°C (-4°F) for up t 6 months. It will not require dilution at the point care.
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